1.- The ending vowel in any word has never semantic meaning.
2.-The affixes of the verb are always different to the ones of the noun and the adjective.
3.-To form verbs from nouns the suffixes are used only if necessary because usually the ending '-ar' is sufficient.
They are formed by using two words to create a new word by juxtaposition,
the content word appearing last.
1.- When the suffix (or the suffixed word), finishes in 'a', 'e' or 'o', this open vowel will disappear, only when it
is ‘i’ or ‘u’ this ending vowel remains:
- ‘fratal’ and ‘tetruple’, from ‘frate’ and ‘tetra’.
- ‘mial’ and ‘duesme’, from ‘mi’ and ‘du’.
2.- When the suffix (or the sufixed word), begins with a consonant, the vowel 'o' is added before it (euphonic epenthesis).
- ’semanofine’ from ‘fine’ and ‘semane’
- ’cardiologe’ from ‘cardie’ and ‘loge’
3.- At both cases, if an infinitive is prefixed, is deleted the ‘–ar’ morpheme.
- 'ideolingue’ from ‘idear’ and ‘lingue’
A). International Words:
1.-If there are Greek or Latin roots in scientific or technical language, these are taken into our language.
2.-Any other word of any other language, if they are internationally known can be taken as a neologism.
3.-In both cases they adapted to our morphology.
B) Proper Nouns:
They are transcribed as literally as possible,
and within brackets the phonetical transcription.
The stress is indicated with capital letter:
- Fuster (fustEr)
- Sokrates (sOkrates)